Skip to content

2007 AAPA Facilities Engineering Seminar and Expo

November 7, 2007
San Diego, CA

This seminar is a PPM® Required Program

This well attended event attracts port professionals as well as vendors involved in significant port engineering projects throughout the world. and breakbulk markets, instruction on how to implement new security regulations and policies, how to plan for survival in today’s economy, and a review of current environmental issues. 

Welcome and Opening Remarks

  • Kurt Nagle, President and CEO, American Association of Port Authorities
  • Antonio (Tony) Gioiello, Chief Harbor Engineer, Port of Los Angeles, Chairman, Facilities Engineering Committee
  • Tony Heinrichs, P.E., Senior Director, Facilities/Chief Engineer, Port of San Diego

Panel I: Logistics Part I

Congestion is already a major cause for concern on our highways. Our seaborne trade is growing and will continue to grow at rates forecast to be in the region of 6 – 10% per annum through 2020, putting an even greater strain on our road networks.  Driver shortages, changes in driver operating hours, increasing gas prices, and stricter environmental controls are all additional factors which can limit the potential volume of road traffic. Railroads, Waterways and Short Sea Shipping can provide viable and much needed alternative capacity in future years. This session will explore the effectiveness of these alternatives and discuss their inter-relationship and the potential effects which each can have on traffic flows in and out of the ports, and around our coast.

  • Andrew Meszaros, Facilities Engineer, DP World Canada Inc., Centerm Main Office, CANADA

Vancouver, BC Transportation Logistics Study

Panel II: Logistics Part II

Three significant developments will be reviewed to determine how they will impact our ports, and change how international and domestic cargoes are carried to their destination. The inter-relationship with road transport and with all other modes of freight transport will also be considered.

Short Sea Shipping

Panama Canal  Future Projects

Panel III: AAPA Facilities Engineering Recognition

The 5th Annual Facilities Engineering Awards were part of the recently completed 96th Annual Convention in Norfolk, VA.  These are presentations from the top submitting ports.

Erato Street Cruise Terminal

Direct Coal Loading at Santa Marta Marine Terminal

Panel IV: Security Issues-Bay Area Emergency Response Plan

Bay Area Port Security Addressed on a Regional Basis

The Tier 1 ports in the San Francisco Bay Area (SF, Oakland, Richmond, Stockton) are joining together to prioritize security projects on a regional basis.  This presentation will describe the strategy employed in grant application and prioritization and the development of a joint powers agreement among the agencies to expedite implementation.

  • Tom Baldwin, Senior Civil Engineer, Port of Long Beach
  • Devon Molitor, ENSR/AECOM, Orange, California

Panel V: Financing Public Private Partnerships for Ports and Marine Terminals

This session will provide insight into the use of Public Private Partnerships (PPP) as a financial vehicle.  The session will be broken into three presentations.  The first presentation will serve as a PPP introduction, explain how they are structured, and how they can be utilized in the development of ports, marine terminals, and transport corridors.  Key elements that govern successful implementation of a PPP and how the market will likely evolve will be discussed.  The private investor's perspective will serve as the focal point for the second presentation.  Issues such as: what does the private investor consider and analyze when valuing opportunities; what key characteristics make an asset "desirable"; and Brownfield versus Greenfield development will be discussed.  Private sector risks and the mitigation of same will also be covered.  The third presentation will look at PPPs from the public sector perspective.  How should the public sector analyze and successfully package opportunities?  Potential hurdles dealing with the private sector, risk allocation, and transference mechanisms will be discussed as well as lessons learned.

Asset Management

  • Forbes Johnston, Mott MacDonald, Stoneham Park, Stoneham Lane, UNITED KINGDOM

Private Sector

  • Steven Rothberg, Macquarie Bank
An Introduction to Public Private Partnerships 
Public Perspective
  • Diana Vargas, Comprehensive Development Agreement, Program Manager, Texas State Department of Transportation

Panel VI: Port Automation

Port automation has been the developing trend in Europe and Asia for over 20 years, but has generally been relegated to automated gate operations in the Americas.  The recent opening of the APM Terminal in Portsmouth, Virginia, is a clear signal that all of that is about to change.  This session will discuss: the advantages of port automation; planning and analysis requirements; required port simulation, terminal operating system analysis and integration; and equipment requirements.

Panel VII: Port Sustainability In A Changing Climate

Climate change presents significant challenges for port business, management and development, requiring that both mitigation and climate change adaptation strategies be developed. Mitigation opportunities include support for renewable energy industries, reducing greenhouse emissions from shipping, encouraging rail freight transfer, and sustainable buildings. Adaptation requires ports to become resilient to higher sea levels and increased storminess, and manage the implications of increased erosion of adjacent inter-tidal areas which may increase the exposure of port facilities. The presentation will outline the key climate change challenges for ports, as well as the imperatives and opportunities these present. It will include reference case studies of how European ports are innovating and adapting to climate change.

Panel VIII: Innovative Technology

Twin 40 Dockside Container Cranes and the Associated Terminal Operations & Vacuum Mooring System for Container Ships

Modern technology is being implemented within the maritime environment, and the shape and texture of the traditional container terminal is responding accordingly.  As container vessels have gotten larger, the need for faster operations with increased storage density has grown and is starting to be addressed by more efficient container handling equipment and new terminal operating paradigms.  One of those new paradigms has been prompted by the use of twin 40 quayside container cranes.  The unsolved problem now is how to properly integrate this improvement in quayside operations with parallel improvements in the container yard operations. 

Our presentation will include an overview of twin 40 projects in Asian terminals representing over 80 cranes.  We will discuss different twin 40 crane concepts and a new head block/spreader interface that should become the new standard for major crane suppliers. 

The authors will also present the current and proposed future twin 40 yard operations.  The “pros” and “cons” of the various required systems will be discussed along with suggestions for alternative systems. 

Many operators and manufacturers believe that twin 40 cranes will be the future standard crane at high-volume terminals.

Vacuum Mooring Systems:

Vacuum mooring systems have been used at many berths, but they are now being used for container berths.  This poses unique challenges for dock space and operational considerations.  This presentation will show how a vacuum system can be used during phased wharf reconstruction to eliminate the need for temporary mooring dolphins and other facilities when the dock length is less than desirable.  Permanent use of these systems will also be described along with the benefits.

  • Al Moro, Chief Harbor Engineer, Port of Long Beach 
  • Arun K. Bhimani, S.E., President, Liftech Consultants, Inc.
  • Robert S. Johansen, P.E., Planning Manager, JWD  Group, a division of DMJM Harris
  • Dan Allen, P.E., Director, Ports, Moffatt & Nichol

Panel IX: Designing for Disaster Standards for 2007

Natural disasters like hurricanes, tsunamis and earthquakes add unusual wind, wave and ground forces to port facilities.  Engineers transfer lessons learned from these events into design criteria for new or replacement facilities.  This session will discuss new criteria emerging.

Seismic Retrofitting
Historically, seismic forces have not been a concern for earlier container cranes which were lighter, more flexible, and less stable than today’s larger cranes.  During an earthquake, the earlier cranes would lift from the rails before significant inertia forces could develop in the crane structure.

Current large cranes with 100-foot rail gages are much heavier which results in significantly larger seismic forces in the crane structure.  Liftech has performed extensive time-history analyses of A-frame and low profile jumbo cranes.  Our studies indicate that many jumbo cranes will be extensively damaged in moderate earthquakes, and many jumbo cranes will be severely damaged, or collapse, in the contingency level design earthquake.

Our presentation will suggest some approaches to evaluate what seismic risk is tolerable to existing cranes.  We will provide some guidelines on what structural characteristics increase or decrease the seismic risk, and suggest practical retrofit options including strengthening, stiffening, and adding a base isolation mechanism that can limit the seismic forces.

Seismic Design for Piers and Wharves

Seismic Retrofit of Existing Cranes

New Orleans Pumping Project

  • John D. Pauling, PE, DEE, Vice President, Director of Seaport and   Airport Programs, Weston Solutions Inc.

Panel X: Cost Containment in Design and Construction

Port owners worldwide have experienced significant increases in design and construction of all types of terminals. Cost increases have been related to equipment and labor availability, materials pricing and demand. Other, less obvious factors such as surety costs will also be addressed. The session will explore the range and magnitude of these cost increases along with the underlying causes. The panel will include both users and providers in a discussion of the major issues facing both groups and a look into the future.

Risk Management

  • Lee Warnock, Hatch Mott MacDonald